Step, ouch! Step, ouch! Step, ouch!
If you’re experiencing pain in the balls of your feet with every step, it’s time you made your way to Austin Foot and Ankle Specialists to find out why.
Ball of foot pain, also commonly known as metatarsalgia, can be brought on by a number of different conditions. The good news is that, once you know the root causes, it can typically be treated effectively through conservative means.
The trick is getting the correct diagnosis—and that’s something the team at Austin Foot and Ankle Specialists is highly qualified to help you with!
What Conditions Can Cause Ball of Foot Pain?
Some of the most common ball of foot pain conditions we diagnose include:
- Morton’s neuroma. This typically occurs between the bases of the third and fourth toes, when tissues thicken around the nerves there. This causes pain in the ball of the foot which is often compared to “standing on a pebble,” as well as tingling and numbness. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
- Capsulitis. This occurs when the ligaments around a toe joint become inflamed. These ligaments form a “capsule” that help the toe joint move, so if they’re inflamed, movement is painful. This happens mostly in the second toe and can be caused by structural issues such as a second toe that is larger than the big toe, an unstable arch, a severe bunion, or a tight calf muscle. If the second toe starts moving toward the big toe, the condition has progressed to the point where surgery will need to be considered to restore the toe to its normal position.
- Stress fractures. Because the metatarsal bones do a significant amount of weight-bearing, they can develop tiny cracks along the surface due to repetitive wear and tear. Pain is typically first noticeable as mild aching during and after activity, but as the fractures worsen, pain becomes more constant and severe.
- Sesamoiditis. This is a painful condition that occurs when the two small sesamoid bones and/or the tendon they are embedded in near the base of the big toe become inflamed.
- Nerve injuries or conditions. Ball of foot pain is a common result when nerves get compressed, pinched, or even accidentally damaged via surgery. If your pain can be described as tingling, burning, shocking, or “zinging,” nerve damage may be to blame.
- Plantar plate tear. This is a serious injury to the strong ligament on the bottom of the foot that protects the heads of the metatarsal bones and stabilizes the second toe. In addition to ball of foot pain, you may notice the toe “popping up” or drifting out of alignment. It’s especially important to diagnose and treat this injury early to reduce your risk of more severe long-term complications and deformities.
- Inferior metatarsal bursitis. Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions between your bones. When these sacs become inflamed, you suffer from bursitis. Metatarsal bursitis involves the bones that connect your toes to your feet, so pain is felt with every step you take.
- Lesser metatarsal overload syndrome. Continuous stress on the metatarsal joints can result in chronic inflammation.
Narrowing Down the Root Causes of Ball of Foot Pain
A diagnosis alone is not enough. We also need to understand the root causes of your condition to provide the best possible personalized treatment plan. Many factors can cause pain in this area of your foot, including:
- Intense training. Track and field participants are the most common group to put a lot of stress on the ball of the foot, in addition to dancers and football, tennis, soccer, and baseball players.
- Your job. Office workers whose dress code demands hours in heels, or workers who spend time on ladders or crouching on their haunches, are all at risk.
- Foot deformities. Those who already have bunions, hammertoes, claw toes, flat feet, high arches, or other deformities are very prone to ball of foot pain.
- Your shoes. Even if everything else in your feet is normal, cramming them into shoes that don’t fit your foot shape, or high heels that put pressure on the metatarsal heads, can lead to pain in the ball of your foot.
- Obesity. The heavier you are, the more weight you place on the front part of your feet as you walk and stand.
Developing a Personalized Treatment Approach for Ball of Foot Pain
At Austin Foot and Ankle Specialists, we always take the time to fully analyze your situation, correctly diagnose your condition, and put together a personalized treatment plan that we feel will be most effective for your condition and needs.
Often, that includes very basic and time-honored strategies like rest, icing, and stretching. For many minor cases of ball of foot pain, this may be all that’s required.
For those with more serious or severe conditions, however, we provide many advanced treatment options, such as regenerative medicine techniques, MLS laser therapy, digitally scanned and 3D-printed custom orthotics, and surgical procedures (including complex nerve surgeries).
No matter what’s causing your ball of foot pain, the most important thing is that you seek out care from an experienced foot specialist as soon as possible. Figuring out what’s causing the pain is key to resolving it as quickly as possible—and the earlier you do this, the lower your risk that the injury will get worse, and the more likely you can treat it via simple, conservative methods.
So step on it, and get to Austin Foot and Ankle Specialists today! Call (512) 328-8900, or use the form on this page to request an appointment.